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winter

Temperature ranges from -18°F to -50°F

the two seasons

The Arctic Tundra has only harsh winters or cool summers. The temperature goes not go above 50°F.

summer

Temperature ranges from 35°F to 50°F .

 

Tundra BIOME CLIMATE

The Arctic Tundra, as a result of its location, is at high altitude; because of the high altitude the area does not receive direct sunlight. The indirect sunlight gives light but not enough heat, even during the summer, causing the tundra to be the coldest biome. Most of the ice melts during the summer and forms soggy marshes and bogs. The deeper parts, layers called permafrost, remain frozen. This frozen layer is permanent, hence the name permafrost; it ranges from 10 to 35 inches. The permafrost prevents the snow that has melted from going into the ground water.

HOW DOES THE CLIMATE BENEFIT THE ENVIRoNMENT?

Even though the tundra may seem useless, it is important to the global biodiversity. The tundra functions as carbon sinks. They take in more than out. It gives an ecosystem for the plants and animals that are adapted to the cold areas. The most flexible species are known to reside in the Tundra biome. The region is a storehouse of natural resources like oil and uranium.