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About 800 million people live in grasslands. In the Americas, most of the original land has been turned into agricultural uses and urban areas. On the contrary, very few people live in the Steppe climate because of the harsh conditions.


North American prairie

Before settlers moved west, the prairies were inhabited and looked after by Indian tribes who had learnt to respect and support the natural life cycles. Today very little of the original prairies survive. There is a strong movement to educate people about prairies. Many states are rehabilitating what is left of their prairies and reintroducing the native wildlife and plants.


South American pampas

The humid Pampas ecosystem is one of the richest grazing areas in the world. Because of its temperate climate and rich, deep soil, most of the Pampas has been cultivated and turned into croplands. Unfortunately, domestic livestock and farming have severely affected the pampas. Fertilizers and overgrazing are a serious threat to the pampas. There are only a very few pristine remnants of the legendary "ocean of grass" that was the Pampas. It is considered to be one of the most endangered habitats on earth.


Asian steppe

Very few people live in the Steppe, mostly migrating shepherd tribes because the vegetation is only grass. Farmers would have a hard time growing crops because the soil is so poor and its so cold.


African Savannah

In many parts of the savannas of Africa people have started using it to graze their cattle and goats. They don't move around and soon the grasses are completely eaten up. With no vegetation, the savanna turns into a desert. Huge areas of savanna are lost to the Sahara desert every year because of overgrazing and farming.


South African  veldt

To most South African  farmers today the “veld” refers to the land they work, much of which has long since ceased to be “natural.”


Northern Australian Grasslands

For all known history, Northern Australia was home to about 100 tribal groups. Aboriginal populations fished, hunted and lived on wild plants. Captain Cook was thrilled to discover the lush, green carpet of grass and wild flowers that covered the land from coast to coast when he first arrived in Australia.

However, European settlers changed much of this natural scenery. Most native grasslands were turned into grazing pastures or changed for farming and housing.

Though some of the traditional knowledge has been lost, modern-day  Australians  have realised the need to return to tradition and there is a growing movement to restore land rights to the indigenous populations to enable them to reconnect with their cultural heritage.

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