Biomes









 

FLORA AND FAUNA

As their name suggests, Grasslands are mainly grown with grass but there are also trees and bush widely spaced in these areas. Grasslands
lack the trees and heavy bush to hide many creatures. Because of the open landscape grasslands are home to large herds of grazing mammals.

 

NORTH AMERICAN PRAIRIE

FLORA

Different types of grass and many species of flowers grow here. The plants can sometimes grow to be 10 feet tall. Mixed-grass prairies are
found in the central Great Plains, and short-grass prairie towards the rainy shadow of the Rocky Mountains. 
FAUNA

FAUNA

Before settlers moved west, the prairies were covered with herds of grazing animals, such as buffalo, elk, deer, and rabbits, creating a wonderful balanced ecosystem. Today, only one to two percent of the original prairies survive,. Much of the land has been turned into agricultural uses,
urban areas are moving in, and fires are being suppressed. 
The herds of thousands of buffalo were all but wiped out. Fortunately, many USA
states are rehabilitating what is left of their prairies and reintroducing the native wildlife and plants.

 

SOUTH AMERICAN PAMPAS

FLORA

Water lilies, cattails ad reeds are some of the plants which have adapted to the dry Pampas grasslands. The fires that frequently occur in the pampas do not kill the grasses, which regenerate from their root crowns, but destroy the trees, so there are few trees growing in the Pampas
with the exception is the 
Ombu which has made adaptations to protect itself from fires.

FAUNA

Some animals include seed eating birds such as the Double Collard Seedeater,  and many kinds of Finch. It is also home to the Greater Rhea ,
a relative of the African Ostrich and the Australian Emu. In addition to birds, several interesting mammals have adapted to life in the pampas.  Geoffroy's Cat for example, with its gray coat and black stripped legs, is almost invisible in the grass. The Maned Wolf has very long
legs to see over the tall grasses. Also, the llama-like Guanaco enjoys to linger among the ponds. Unfortunately, at least fifteen mammal species, twenty bird species, and fifteen plant species are at serious risk of extinction in the Pampas.

 

ASIAN STEPPE

FLORA

There are many plants in Steppe, mostly different grasses.These grasses grow  from 60cm (2-3 feet)  to 1.40m  (4 ½ feet) tall depending on how close they are to the forest  and how much rain they get.

FAUNA

A lot of the animals that live in Steppe are grazing animals, such as rabbits, mice, antelopes and  horses. Smaller animals either form herds or
make burrows to defend themselves  from predators.

AFRICAN SAVANNAH

FLORA

A savanna is a rolling grassland scattered with shrubs and isolated trees. The East African savannas are  covered with acacia trees.

FAUNA

Some of the most magnificent animals on the planet—elephants, zebras elephants, and giraffes and their predators, lions and cheetahs— can
be seen grazing peacefully or lying in the sun during the long sunny days in the summer. 
Each animal has a specialized eating habit that reduces competition for food

 

SOUTH AFRICAN  VELDT

FLORA

As one might expect, there are different types of glass grass but also trees -mostly acacias- and bushes.

FAUNA

Different kinds of Veld are home to different species. The fauna of the Sandveld includes mainly reptiles, mammals and birds adapted to
living in the sandy environment; some of the small mammals and reptiles often use the sand for protection by burrowing in it

The blesbok and quagga once roamed in the Highveld in great numbers. Nowadays there still is a sizable population ofspringbok in some areas.

The Lowveld is known for its high concentration of big game, including the larger animals, like African elephants , rhino, zebraand wildebeest
 while the streams and wetlands are a haven for the hippos. 

 

NORTHERN AUSTRALIAN GRASSLANDS

FLORA

Most of the region is blanketed by tropical and sub-tropical savanna — vast plains of tall, dense grass with pockets of woodlands.

FAUNA

The Australian grasslands are far from empty. They teem with wildlife, from kangaroos to parrots. The region is a home for 460 bird species, 110 mammal species, 225 freshwater fish species and 40% of Australia’s reptiles.

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Winners Education, ATHENS, Greece