Biomes

rainforest

Background information

The Rainforest houses many types of plants and animals. More than Two-Third of the plants found on the earth are located in the tropical rainforests, providing food and shelter for all the animals that resides in the rainforest. Examples of these plants would be Lianas, Orchids, Carnivorous Plants, Saprophytes, and many more. Because of the enormous varieties of plants, herbivores such as insects and some animals find this place as paradise. Since there are insects and animals, predators are also attracted to the rainforest.

flora

            Bromeliads- Bromeliads are tropical plants that are easy to grow. These plants are closely related to the pineapple family. They gain water by using their waxy leaves in a shape of a bowl to collect raindrops as it falls into the center of the plant. These plants are of great use to some life such as frogs, salamanders, snails, beetles, and mosquito larvae, since they contained abundance of water in it. Those that decays within the plant are absorbed by the as nutrients
            Epiphytes- Epiphytes (also renowned as air plants) grows just about everywhere but mostly found on the bark of trees. The word derived from the Greek work “epi” meaning upon and “phyton” meaning “plant”.
            Saprophytes- Organisms such as fungus or bacteria that feeds off of dead or decaying plants or animals. The Saprophytes recycle the organic material into the ground for other organisms to feed off of.
            Buttress Roots- Because of the abundance of nutrients in the ground, the soil is very poor. For trees to counteract this problem, they have grown buttressed roots, which grow up as high as 15 feet from the grown to absorb more nutrients from the soil
            Lianas- These are vines that can be found mostly in rainforests. They are very thick, wooded, and can grow up to 3,000 ft. in length. Lianas first start from the ground and grows upward, using trees to support their weight and height. Once they reach the high point, they then spread to other trees and Lianas and make a network of them.
            Stilt/Prop Roots- These are roots happening or carried on according to chance rather than design or inherent nature that are shaped like pitchfork use to support trees and stabilizes the tree from tilting or falling.
            Carnivorous Plants- Carnivorous Plants feed off of animal matter such as flies. Some Carnivorous plants can also eat small animals and reptiles
            Orchids- Orchids is the largest family of plants in the world. There are around 25,000 to 30,000 species of orchids. Most usually grow on soil but some such as epiphytes will grow on trees. Orchids can come in many colors and share the three petals patterns but the lower petal have a distinctive appearance.
            Strangler Fig- Strangler Figs or commonly known as Banyan Tree is a key stone in the rainforest. They provide species with fruits for them to eat. There are 1000 types of Ficus. The Strangler Figs are canopy trees that can grow up to 148 ft. in height. They start out as epiphytes in trees or on the branches.

fauna

There are many species even ones that scientist that have not found yet in rainforests. It is said that half of world’s animal species can be found in the rainforests. In general you are able to find hundreds of mammals, reptiles, Amphibians, Arthropods, and birds. The types of species can vary in each rainforests so not all species can be found in just one rainforest. Some examples of species in some rainforests are the Toucan which can be found Central and South America in sub-tropical rainforests, orangutans which can be found in the islands of Borneo and Sumatra in Indonesia, and Black Caiman which can be found South America in the Amazon.